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How to submit your manuscript?
All manuscripts should be submitted to the journal via the online submission system (see above links). Submissions can be made by single or multiple authors. Once submitted, the author can track the submission and communicate with the editors via the online journal management system.
Articles can be submitted at any time throughout the year. However, as we publish in themes, it is advisable to consider the forthcoming topic as phrased in the call for papers before submitting (see homepage announcement). If you do submit a work that does not fit within the current theme, we will keep your article on file to consider at a later stage.
Utrecht Journal of International and European Law encourages authors to contact the editorial board with ideas for articles or case notes they are planning to write. The editorial board is more than happy to discuss these ideas and how well they fit within the journal with the authors.
Please note that all submissions automatically pass through an anti-plagiarism check. To avoid relays/rejections, please ensure that all content that has been sourced from elsewhere clearly includes citation details and quotation marks, where appropriate.
Research Articles: Research articles, published in Utrecht Journal of International and European Law, contain between 6000 and 15000 words and should be based on a topic related to international and/or European law. Research articles don't have to focus on a specific topic (although calls for papers may ask for themed content). It is imperative that articles comply with scientific standards; therefore each article is subject to extensive review by our board of referees.
Case Notes: It is possible to submit short case notes to Utrecht Journal of International and European Law. These case notes should be approximately 3-5 pages in length and should describe and, most importantly, analyze a recent case that is relevant for either international or European law. Case notes are not subject to the referee process.
Book Reviews: It is possible to submit a short book review to Utrecht Journal of International and European Law. Book reviews should be approximately 2 to 4 pages in length and should concern a recently published book that is relevant for either international or European law. Most book reviews will be written by the editorial board. Book reports are not subject to the referee process.
Conference Report: Conference reports may be submitted for publication and should provide an insight in current academic debate about a contemporary and, in the case of Special Issues, thematic topic. In doing so, authors are to write clearly and are expected to draw a strong picture of arguments used at the conference. Conference reports may be up to 8,000 words long (including references).
To ensure blind peer review, please only list the title and abstract on the submitted manuscript file.
The names of all authors, affiliations, contact details, biography (optional) and the corresponding author details must be completed online as part of the submission process. All authors must fit within the journal's definition of an author, available here.
Author names should include a forename and a surname. Forenames cannot include only initials.
The affiliation should ideally include ‘Department, Institution, City, Country’. However only the Institution and Country are mandatory.
Author information (optional)
A short biographical statement from the author(s) may be placed after the title page information. This must be no longer than 200 words and include only information relevant to the subject matter. This will be moved to before the reference list in the final publication.
Research articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 200 words summarising the main arguments and conclusions of the article. This must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text.
A list of up to eight key words may be placed below the abstract (optional).
The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.
The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. A clear introduction section should be given that allows non-specialists in the subject an understanding of the publication and a background of the issue(s) involved. Methods, results, discussion and conclusion sections may then follow to clearly detail the information and research being presented.
Supplementary Files (optional)
Any supplementary/additional files that should link to the main publication must be listed, with a corresponding number, title and option description. Ideally the supplementary files are also cited in the main text.
e.g. Supplementary file 1: Appendix. Scientific data related to the experiments.
Note: additional files will not be typeset so they must be provided in their final form. They will be assigned a DOI and linked to from the publication.
If data, structured methods or code used in the research project have been made openly available, a statement should be added to inform the reader how/where to access these files. This should include the repository location and the DOI linking to it. Read our reproducibility guide for more information on best practice and maximising the impact of your open data.
If data used in the research project has not been made available, a statement confirming this should be added, along with reasoning why.
The journal's data policy is available on the Editorial Policies page.
Ethics and consent (if applicable)
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian) and added to this statement. If a study involving human subjects/tissue/data was exempt from requiring ethical approval, a confirmation statement from the relevant body should be included within the submission.
Experiments using animals must follow national standards of care. For further information, click here.
Any acknowledgements must be headed and in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list.
Funding Information (if applicable)
Should the research have received a funding grant then the grant provider and grant number should be detailed.
If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. A short paragraph should be placed before the references. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here.
All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.
The author is responsible for obtaining all permissions required prior to submission of the manuscript. Permission and owner details should be mentioned for all third-party content included in the submission or used in the research.
If a method or tool is introduced in the study, including software, questionnaires, and scales, the license this is available under and any requirement for permission for use should be stated. If an existing method or tool is used in the research, it is the author's responsibility to check the license and obtain the necessary permissions. Statements confirming that permission was granted should be included in the Materials and Methods section.
The British English spelling is used in Utrecht Journal publications. Thus, please be aware of differences in US spelling and the British spelling. Some examples follow:
analyse vs analyze
authorise vs authorize
cancelled vs canceled
centre vs center
defence vs defense
labour vs labor
organisation vs organization
An exception to using British spelling would be merited if, for instance, the proper name of something uses the American spelling (for example, Organization of American States).
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Do not put full stops in acronyms. For example, US and UK.
When using Latin acronyms such as eg or ie, the text should not be italicised.
Case names should be italicized. Do not put a full stop after ‘v’.
e.g. A case which highlights the overtly pro foreign investor stance of Chapter 11 is Loewen Group, Inc v United States.
Of note, there should not be a full stop after abbreviations, such as ‘Inc’, ‘Corp’, or ‘Co’, in case names.
Do not put a comma before ‘and’ if it’s ending a list (a list for example: bananas, kiwis and strawberries). (The exception to this would be if removing the comma would cause confusion.)
e.g. According to Guild and others, this is especially true for the EU Home Affairs agencies, Frontex, Europol and EASO, due to their experimental governance strategies and their areas of intervention.52
The word ‘State’ in noun form should be capitalised. There will situations where the word ‘State’ is part of another word and will not be capitalised. Additionally, when the noun ‘state’ is referring to states within the United States, the ‘s’ should not be capitalised.
Single quotation marks (‘’) are used for quotes. If a quote or phrase occurs within a quote, use double quotation marks (“”).
Please note that punctuation occurs outside of the quotation marks unless the original had the punctuation also.
Check for in-line author references to different sections of the article (example: In Part IV.B, I argue that…) and make sure that they match the Utrecht Journal outline/publication format.
Of note, when authors refer to sections within their own work, the sentence should not be in future tense. It should be in present tense.
Wrong: In Part V, I will discuss the nature of the UN Human Rights Committee.
Correct: In Part V, I discuss the nature of the UN Human Rights Committee.
Manuscripts must be formatted with all references, including URLs, cited within footnotes. Please use OSCOLA formatting when referencing all sources. For a comprehensive guide to OSCOLA formatting, please click here.
The full reference information for secondary sources also then be given at the end of the manuscript as a bibliography, with all entries listed in alphabetical order. The format of these references should match the structure of an OSCOLA bibliography.
Please ensure that all DOI numbers are provided for electronic references, where available.
Examples of the OSCOLA footnote referencing structure can be found below. Additional information on OSCOLA can be found at http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/oscola.php
A law report citation typically includes the below. If you are not sure of the abbreviation, you can usually find the citation at the start of the case. Give the party names, followed by the neutral citation, followed by the Law Reports citation (eg AC, Ch, QB). If there is no neutral citation, give the Law Reports citation followed by the court in brackets. If the case is not reported in the Law Reports, cite the All ER or the WLR, or failing that a specialist report.
Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd  UKHL 13,  1 AC 884
R (Roberts) v Parole Board  EWCA Civ 1031,  QB 410
Page v Smith  AC 155 (HL)
When pinpointing, give paragraph numbers in square brackets at the end of the reference. If the judgment has no paragraph numbers, provide the page number pinpoint after the court.
Callery v Gray  EWCA Civ 1117,  1 WLR 2112 , 
Bunt v Tilley  EWHC 407 (QB),  3 All ER 336 –
R v Leeds County Court, ex p Morris  QB 523 (QB) 530–31
If citing a particular judge:
Arscott v The Coal Authority  EWCA Civ 892,  Env LR 6  (Laws LJ)
Statutes and statutory instruments
Acts are also known as Statutes. The title and date are always included. Each Act has a chapter number, which you can additionally include, along with publisher information if required.
Statutory Instruments are also known as Orders, Rules and Regulations. Cite the title and year and SI number.
Act of Supremacy 1558
Human Rights Act 1998, s 15(1)(b)
Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour (Amendment of Minimum Age) Order 2004, SI 2004/3166
EU legislation and cases
Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union  OJ C115/13
Council Regulation (EC) 139/2004 on the control of concentrations between undertakings (EC Merger Regulation)  OJ L24/1, art 5
Case C–176/03 Commission v Council  ECR I–7879, paras 47–48
European Court of Human Rights
Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10
Osman v UK ECHR 1998–VIII 3124
Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECHR, 20 July 2004)
Simpson v UK (1989) 64 DR 188
Give the author’s name in the same form as in the publication, with the first name and then the surname provided. Give relevant information about editions, translators and so forth before the publisher, and give page numbers at the end of the citation, after the brackets.
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (first published 1651, Penguin 1985) 268
Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (1st supp, 7th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2009)
K Zweigert and H Kötz, An Introduction to Comparative Law (Tony Weir tr, 3rd edn, OUP 1998)
Contributions to edited books
Francis Rose, ‘The Evolution of the Species’ in Andrew Burrows and Alan Rodger (eds), Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks (OUP 2006)
Halsbury’s Laws (5th edn, 2010) vol 57, para 53
Paul Craig, ‘Theory, “Pure Theory” and Values in Public Law’  PL 440
When pinpointing, put a comma between the first page of the article and the page pinpoint.
JAG Griffith, ‘The Common Law and the Political Constitution’ (2001) 117 LQR 42, 64
Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT < http://ejlt.org//article/view/17 > accessed 27 July 2010
Command papers and Law Commission reports
Department for International Development, Eliminating World Poverty: Building our Common Future (White Paper, Cm 7656, 2009) ch 5 Law Commission,
Reforming Bribery (Law Com No 313, 2008) paras 3.12–3.17
Websites and blogs
Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) <www.nakedlaw.com/2009/05/index.html> accessed 19 November 2009
Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publishing within this journal is currently £350.
This fee covers all publication costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc) and ensures that all of the content is fully open access. This approach maximises the potential readership of publications and allows the journal to be run in a sustainable way. Many institutions have funds available to support open access publications therefore we ask that authors submitting contact their department and institutional library, along with their funding body (if applicable), to check whether open access publication fees are available to them.
If funds are not available then the Article Processing Charges (APCs) for a publication will be covered by a funding grant provided by Utrecht University.
The publisher, Ubiquity Press, keep APCs as low as possible, whilst ensuring that the journal remains sustainable. For a breakdown of the APCs, please click here.
Upon publication, we ask authors to bill their affiliated institution or university. If this is not possible, then waivers are available for authors who can adequately demonstrate financial need. In these cases the APC will be covered by a funding grant provided by Utrecht University.