Online Submissions

Already have a Username/Password for Utrecht Journal of International and European Law?
Go to Login

Need a Username/Password?
Go to Registration

Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.


Author Guidelines

Structure | Formatting | References

How to submit your manuscript?

All manuscripts should be submitted to the journal via the online submission system (see above links). Submissions can be made by single or multiple authors.

Articles can be submitted at any time throughout the year. However, as publish in themes, it is advisable to consider the forthcoming topic as phrased in the call for papers before submitting (see homepage announcement). If you do submit a work that does not fit within the current theme, we will keep your article on file to consider at a later stage.

Utrecht Journal of International and European Law encourages authors to contact the editorial board with ideas for articles or case notes they are planning to write. The editorial board is more than happy to discuss these ideas and how well they fit within the journal with the authors.

Please note that all submissions automatically pass through an anti-plagiarism check. To avoid relays/rejections, please ensure that all content that has been sourced from elsewhere clearly includes citation details and quotation marks, where appropriate.

For information on article types and word limits, click here.


Title page

The title page must include all of the below information, in the same order. No further information should be included:

  • Title
  • Full author name(s)
  • Affiliation(s)
  • Corresponding author’s email address (other author email addresses are optional)

Author names must include a forename and a surname. Forenames cannot include only initials.

  • J. Bloggs is not permitted. The full name, Joe Bloggs is required

The affiliation should ideally include ‘Department, Institution, City, Country’, however only the Institution and Country are mandatory.

Author information (optional)
A short biographical statement from the author(s) may be placed after the title page information. This must be no longer than 200 words and include only information relevant to the subject matter. This will be moved to before the reference list in the final publication.

Research articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 200 words summarising the main arguments and conclusions of the article. This must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text.

A list of up to eight key words may be placed below the abstract (optional).

The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Main text
The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. A clear introduction section should be given that allows non-specialists in the subject an understanding of the publication and a background of the issue(s) involved. Methods, results, discussion and conclusion sections may then follow to clearly detail the information and research being presented.

Acknowledgements (optional)
Any acknowledgements must be headed and in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list.

Competing interests
If any of the authors have any competing interests then these must be declared. A short paragraph should be placed before the references. Guidelines for competing interests can be found here.

All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.

The journal style guide can also be downloaded here.


The British English spelling is used in Utrecht Journal publications. Thus, please be aware of differences in US spelling and the British spelling. Some examples follow:
analyse vs analyze
authorise vs authorize
cancelled vs canceled
centre vs center
defence vs defense
labour vs labor
organisation vs organization

An exception to using British spelling would be merited if, for instance, the proper name of something uses the American spelling (for example, Organization of American States).

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Do not put full stops in acronyms. For example, US and UK.
When using Latin acronyms such as eg or ie, the text should not be italicised.


Case names should be italicized. Do not put a full stop after ‘v’.
e.g. A case which highlights the overtly pro foreign investor stance of Chapter 11 is Loewen Group, Inc v United States.

Of note, there should not be a full stop after abbreviations, such as ‘Inc’, ‘Corp’, or ‘Co’, in case names.


Do not put a comma before ‘and’ if it’s ending a list (a list for example: bananas, kiwis and strawberries). (The exception to this would be if removing the comma would cause confusion.)

e.g. According to Guild and others, this is especially true for the EU Home Affairs agencies, Frontex, Europol and EASO, due to their experimental governance strategies and their areas of intervention.52

Capitalised Words

The word ‘State’ in noun form should be capitalised. There will situations where the word ‘State’ is part of another word and will not be capitalised. Additionally, when the noun ‘state’ is referring to states within the United States, the ‘s’ should not be capitalised.


Single quotation marks (‘’) are used for quotes. If a quote or phrase occurs within a quote, use double quotation marks (“”).
Please note that punctuation occurs outside of the quotation marks unless the original had the punctuation also.

Before publishing

Check for in-line author references to different sections of the article (example: In Part IV.B, I argue that…) and make sure that they match the Utrecht Journal outline/publication format.

Of note, when authors refer to sections within their own work, the sentence should not be in future tense. It should be in present tense.

Wrong: In Part V, I will discuss the nature of the UN Human Rights Committee.
Correct: In Part V, I discuss the nature of the UN Human Rights Committee.


Manuscripts must be formatted with all references, including URLs, cited within footnotes. Please use OSCOLA formatting when referencing all sources. For the quick guide to OSCOLA formatting, please click here.

The full reference information for secondary sources also then be given at the end of the manuscript as a bibliography, with all entries listed in alphabetical order. The format of these references should match the structure of an OSCOLA bibliography.

Please ensure that all DOI numbers are provided for electronic references, where available.

Examples of the OSCOLA footnote referencing structure can be found below. For more detailed information on OSCOLA referencing, please see here. Additional information on OSCOLA can be found at

Primary Source

A law report citation typically includes the below. If you are not sure of the abbreviation, you can usually find the citation at the start of the case. Give the party names, followed by the neutral citation, followed by the Law Reports citation (eg AC, Ch, QB). If there is no neutral citation, give the Law Reports citation followed by the court in brackets. If the case is not reported in the Law Reports, cite the All ER or the WLR, or failing that a specialist report.

Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884
R (Roberts) v Parole Board [2004] EWCA Civ 1031, [2005] QB 410
Page v Smith [1996] AC 155 (HL)

When pinpointing, give paragraph numbers in square brackets at the end of the reference. If the judgment has no paragraph numbers, provide the page number pinpoint after the court.

Callery v Gray [2001] EWCA Civ 1117, [2001] 1 WLR 2112 [42], [45]
Bunt v Tilley [2006] EWHC 407 (QB), [2006] 3 All ER 336 [1]–[37]
R v Leeds County Court, ex p Morris [1990] QB 523 (QB) 530–31

If citing a particular judge:

Arscott v The Coal Authority [2004] EWCA Civ 892, [2005] Env LR 6 [27] (Laws LJ)

Statutes and statutory instruments
Acts are also known as Statutes. The title and date are always included. Each Act has a chapter number, which you can additionally include, along with publisher information if required.
Statutory Instruments are also known as Orders, Rules and Regulations. Cite the title and year and SI number.

Act of Supremacy 1558
Human Rights Act 1998, s 15(1)(b)
Penalties for Disorderly Behaviour (Amendment of Minimum Age) Order 2004, SI 2004/3166

EU legislation and cases

Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union [2008] OJ C115/13
Council Regulation (EC) 139/2004 on the control of concentrations between undertakings (EC Merger Regulation) [2004] OJ L24/1, art 5
Case C–176/03 Commission v Council [2005] ECR I–7879, paras 47–48

European Court of Human Rights

Omojudi v UK (2009) 51 EHRR 10
Osman v UK ECHR 1998–VIII 3124
Balogh v Hungary App no 47940/99 (ECHR, 20 July 2004)
Simpson v UK (1989) 64 DR 188

Secondary Sources
Give the author’s name in the same form as in the publication, with the first name and then the surname provided. Give relevant information about editions, translators and so forth before the publisher, and give page numbers at the end of the citation, after the brackets.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (first published 1651, Penguin 1985) 268
Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (1st supp, 7th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2009)
K Zweigert and H Kötz, An Introduction to Comparative Law (Tony Weir tr, 3rd edn, OUP 1998)

Contributions to edited books

Francis Rose, ‘The Evolution of the Species’ in Andrew Burrows and Alan Rodger (eds), Mapping the Law: Essays in Memory of Peter Birks (OUP 2006)


Halsbury’s Laws (5th edn, 2010) vol 57, para 53

Journal articles

Paul Craig, ‘Theory, “Pure Theory” and Values in Public Law’ [2005] PL 440

When pinpointing, put a comma between the first page of the article and the page pinpoint.

JAG Griffith, ‘The Common Law and the Political Constitution’ (2001) 117 LQR 42, 64

Online journals

Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT < > accessed 27 July 2010

Command papers and Law Commission reports

Department for International Development, Eliminating World Poverty: Building our Common Future (White Paper, Cm 7656, 2009) ch 5 Law Commission,
Reforming Bribery (Law Com No 313, 2008) paras 3.12–3.17

Websites and blogs

Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) <> accessed 19 November 2009

Newspaper articles

Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. Any third-party-owned materials used have been identified with appropriate credit lines, and permission obtained from the copyright holder for all formats of the journal.
  3. All authors have given permission to be listed on the submitted paper and satisfy the authorship guidelines.
  4. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  5. Where available, DOIs for the references have been provided.
  6. Tables and figures are all cited in the text. Tables are included within the text document, whilst figure files are uploaded as supplementary files.
  7. Figures/images have a resolution of at least 150dpi (300dpi or above preferred). Each file is no more than 20MB per file. The files are in one of the following formats: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS (to maximise quality, the original source file is preferred).
  8. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, this includes following the instructions to ensure blind peer review.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Publication Fees

This journal charges the following publication fees.

Article Publication Charge (APC): 0.00 (EUR)
*Authors are not asked to pay Article Processing Charges (APCs) for this journal, as these are currently covered by a funding grant provided by Utrecht University. The publisher, Ubiquity Press, keep APCs as low as possible, whilst ensuring that the journal remains sustainable. For a breakdown of the APCs, please click here.

ISSN: 2053-5341 | Published by Ubiquity Press | Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.